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A Championship Week for Men and Women at Pinehurst





Congratulations to Martin Kaymer and Michelle Wie!   Both of  these gifted young athlete/golfers dominated their field at the 


US OPEN 2014.     In a venue that evokes such history and prestige, we wanted to share with you the full story of 


Pinehurst.   A truly luxury retreat unchanged throughout the century!!







Our story begins in 1895, when Boston Philanthropist James 


Walker Tufts purchased 5,800 acres of ravaged timberland in 


the Sandhills region of central North Carolina. This land, which 


cost Tufts about $1 per acre, once held a flourishing pine forest 


that had been cut for timber and used for its plentiful supply 


of turpentine and building supplies. What was left behind was 


a barren, sandy wasteland.


Many locals thought Tufts the fool for his purchase, but the 


astute businessman sold his thriving Soda Fountain Company 


on the idea of a health retreat – far away from the cares of 


the world. From the very beginning, Pinehurst was designed 


as a philanthropic gesture by Tufts, as a place for middle-class 


Americans to recuperate from the ailments of the time. Most 


believed that those suffering from the respiratory illnesses as 


a result of the Industrial Revolution could be cured by the 


“pine ozone” only found in the region. Tufts idea was to 


create a New England-style village, with walkways and year


-round greenery.


To help make his dream reality, Tufts hired the firm of 


Olmsted, Olmsted and Eliot to create a master plan for the 


ravaged land. Its chief designer, Frederick Law Olmsted, was 


well regarded at the time, designing such large projects as 


Central Park. More than 220,000 tree seedlings and other plants 


were brought in as a result, many of which were imported 


from France.


As streets, sewer and water systems were established, Tufts 


wrestled with what to officially call the place he’d developed. 


For the first six months it was known simply as Tuftstown, 


after its founder. But while at his summer home at Cottage 


City (now known as Oak Bluffs on Martha’s Vineyard), Tufts 


searched a list of names submitted for a contest to name a 


real estate development. He decided the name Pinehurst was 


appropriate: The “Pine” of course for the beautiful trees and “


hurst”, a wooded hillock or plot of rising ground. Thus, he 


adopted it for his village and resort.


By the first year, Tufts had directed completion of a general 


store, dairy, boarding house, more than 20 cottages, and the 


Holly Inn, which was opened December 31, 1895.


The Carolina hotel opened in 1901. It immediately served as the 


center of all activity at Pinehurst, surrounded by lush grounds, 


perfect for enjoying the warmth of the day. Recreation and 


gracious accommodations were premier features of Tufts’ 


health resort. Riding, hunting, polo, lawn bowling, bicycling, 


and archery were popular in Pinehurst’s early days; many 


remain so today. Tennis was one of the first planned 


recreational activities at Pinehurst, with two courts on the 


original blueprints for the Holly Inn lawns.


Annie Oakley, sharp-shooter and star of the Buffalo Bill Wild 


West Show, came to Pinehurst in 1916 with her husband, Frank 


Butler. Annie was in charge of the Pinehurst Gun Club, and 


gave shooting exhibitions at the Carolina hotel twice a week. 


Between 1916 and 1920 she instructed up to 125,000 men and 


women in the art of marksmanship.







Golf came to Pinehurst three years after the resort first 


opened to the public. According to history, some hotel guests 


introduced the game in the dairy cattle grazing fields, hitting 


little white balls that disturbed the herd. Tufts then hired Dr. D. 


Leroy Culver of New York to design and build a golf course in 


Pinehurst, and in February of 1898 a rudimentary nine-hole 


course was constructed. The first clubhouse followed a few 


months later. In 1899, Pinehurst’s first golf professional, John 


Dunn Tucker, was hired to add an additional nine, which later 


became Pinehurst No. 1, our first 18-hole layout.


In 1900, Tufts hired Donald J. Ross, a young Scottish golf 


professional, to direct golf operations at Pinehurst. Ross 


remained with Pinehurst until his death in 1948. During those 


five decades, Ross built a reputation as one of the foremost 


golf professionals and course architects in the country. He 


designed or redesigned more than 400 golf courses throughout 


the North American continent.


His first Pinehurst efforts began with his arrival as he 


redesigned Pinehurst No. 1. His first 18-hole design here was 


Pinehurst No. 2, a championship course with sand greens and 


a natural, gently rolling topography. He later built No. 3, No. 4, 


and a rudimentary employee/caddie course, all of which he 


continuously updated during the off-season.


In 1903, the Pinehurst Golf Club was established, the North and 


South Championship series was underway, and Pinehurst was 


becoming a major focus for golf in the U.S. The best in the 


world have played Pinehurst: Harry Vardon, Bobby Jones, 


Gene Sarazen, Byron Nelson, Sam Snead, Ben Hogan, Arnold 


Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Johnny Miller, Tom Watson, Glenna 


Collett Vare, Babe Zaharias, Patty Berg, and Louise Suggs. 


Snead once proclaimed Pinehurst No. 2 “as my number one 




It has greeted and challenged golfers from throughout the 


world, as the site of the 1936 PGA Championship, the 1951 Ryder 


Cup Matches, the 1962 and 2008 U.S. Amateur Championships; 


the 1989 U.S. Women’s Amateur Championship, the 1991 and 1992 


TOUR Championships, the 1994 U.S. Senior Open, and the 1999 


and 2005 U.S. Open Championship, the first of which was won 


with a famous 15-foot putt by Payne Stewart. In 2014, Pinehurst 


hosted both the U.S. Open and U.S. Women’s Open 


Championships in back-to-back weeks, marking the first time 


in history that both tournaments were played in the same 


year, on the same course.







Many other sports have hosted their championships at 


Pinehurst as well, including the U.S. Clay Court Championships 


in Tennis; the U.S. Croquet Championship, and the World 


Lawnbowling Championship.


And in 2002, it returned to its roots as a health-driven resort 


with the opening of The Spa at Pinehurst, adjacent to the 


Carolina hotel. It was one of the first spas in the South to 


receive the Mobil Four-Star spa designation.


Each of Pinehurst’s recreational facilities has a history as steep 


as Pinehurst itself, and the resort has been able to retain that 


turn-of-the-century charm and ambiance. While many guests 


still migrate from New England, Pinehurst is a destination that 


continues to welcome guests from around the world.


Just as Tufts envisioned over 100 years ago, guests visit today 


to discover this peaceful retreat. What they find amidst this 


serenity is the history, beauty and Southern hospitality of an 


era past. Add to that eight world-class golf courses—including 


the renowned Pinehurst No. 2—an award-winning spa, a tennis 


facility, family activities, dining, shopping and more and you’ll 


see what makes Pinehurst the quintessential resort.



History of Pinehurst Article courtesy of Pinehurst Resort….